With the increasing popularity of CBD and Hemp, there are a couple of terms that the general public is getting introduced to. One of the most important of these terms is the Entourage Effect. The Entourage Effect is a well-established and important mechanism that describes the synergist effects of all of the active molecules in the Cannabis/Hemp plant. It refers to the fact that when the multiple phytocannabinoids (CBD, THC, CBC, etc.), Terpenes, and other compounds present in the Cannabis/Hemp plant bind to receptors it will produce a larger effect than if the isolated parts were present alone. This Entourage Effect is why CBD is usually combined with Terpenes or other phytocannabinoids when put into consumer products. When one product of the Cannabis/Hemp plant binds to receptors, for example CBD, it will cause a small change to the receptor and cause a smaller response. However, if multiple products of the Cannabis/Hemp plant are present, perhaps CBD, THC, and Terpenes, then when they bind to the receptor they will cause an even greater change to the receptor and an even greater response in the body. Think of it in terms of people; is a party more fun with one friend or with many friends?
Terpenes are becoming more popular not only for their scent producing properties but also for some of their medicinal properties. What most people are not aware of is that they are present and serve a purpose in the Cannabis/Hemp plant, as well. You will learn more about the different types of Terpenes and their functions in another chapter.
As you are learning, the Cannabis plant is quite complex, with over 113 different active molecules in the plant. We are just scratching the surface in our understanding of this plant. What we do know is that the best way to consume this plant is to have it in its most natural form, with all of the active ingredients present. Some people are unable to or don’t want to consume products with THC, and this still will provide results that can help you feel your best.